The purposes for which personal data may be used by us: Personnel, administrative, financial, regulatory, payroll and business development purposes.
Business purposes include the following:
· Compliance with our legal, regulatory and corporate governance obligations and good practice
· Gathering information as part of investigations by regulatory bodies or in connection with legal proceedings or requests
· Ensuring business policies are adhered to (such as policies covering email and internet use)
· Operational reasons, such as recording transactions, training and quality control, ensuring the confidentiality of commercially sensitive information, security vetting, credit scoring and checking
· Investigating complaints
· Checking references, ensuring safe working practices, monitoring and managing staff access to systems and facilities and staff absences, administration and assessments
· Monitoring staff conduct, disciplinary matters
· Marketing our business
· Improving services
‘Personal data’ means any information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person (‘data subject’); an identifiable natural person is one who can be identified, directly or indirectly, in particular by reference to an identifier such as a name, an identification number, location data, an online identifier or to one or more factors specific to the physical, physiological, genetic, mental, economic, cultural or social identity of that natural person.
Personal data we gather may include: individuals' phone number, email address, educational background, financial and pay details, details of certificates and diplomas, education and skills, marital status, nationality, job title, and CV.
Special categories of personal data
Special categories of data include information about an individual's racial or ethnic origin, political opinions, religious or similar beliefs, trade union membership (or non-membership), physical or mental health or condition, criminal offences, or related proceedings, and genetic and biometric information —any use of special categories of personal data should be strictly controlled in accordance with this policy.
‘Data controller’ means the natural or legal person, public authority, agency or other body which, alone or jointly with others, determines the purposes and means of the processing of personal data; where the purposes and means of such processing are determined by law.
‘Processor’ means a natural or legal person, public authority, agency or other body which processes personal data on behalf of the controller.
‘Processing’ means any operation or set of operations which is performed on personal data or on sets of personal data, whether or not by automated means, such as collection, recording, organisation, structuring, storage, adaptation or alteration, retrieval, consultation, use, disclosure by transmission, dissemination or otherwise making available, alignment or combination, restriction, erasure or destruction.
This is the national body responsible for data protection. The supervisory authority for our organisation is the Information Commissioners Office (ICO).
This policy applies to all staff, who must be familiar with this policy and comply with its terms.
This policy supplements our other policies relating to internet and email use. We may supplement or amend this policy by additional policies and guidelines from time to time. Any new or modified policy will be circulated to staff before being adopted.
Who is responsible for this policy?
As our data protection officer (DPO), Sue Overington has overall responsibility for the day-to-day implementation of this policy. You should contact the DPO for further information about this policy if necessary – details below -
Sue Overington, Sovereign Construction Limited, Sovereign House, Avenue Lane, Eastbourne, East Sussex, BN21 3UL, Tele: 01323 638348 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Sovereign Construction shall comply with the principles of data protection (the Principles) enumerated in the EU General Data Protection Regulation. We will make every effort possible in everything we do to comply with these principles. The Principles are:
1. Lawful, fair and transparent
Data collection must be fair, for a legal purpose and we must be open and transparent as to how the data will be used.
2. Limited for its purpose
Data can only be collected for a specific purpose.
3. Data minimisation
Any data collected must be necessary and not excessive for its purpose.
The data we hold must be accurate and kept up to date.
We cannot store data longer than necessary.
6. Integrity and confidentiality
The data we hold must be kept safe and secure.
Accountability and transparency
We must ensure accountability and transparency in all our use of personal data. We must show how we comply with each Principle. All staff are responsible for keeping a written record of how all the data processing activities they are responsible for comply with each of the Principles. This must be kept up to date and must be approved by the DPO.
To comply with data protection laws and the accountability and transparency Principle of GDPR, we must demonstrate compliance. All staff are responsible for understanding their particular responsibilities to ensure we meet the following data protection obligations:
Fair and lawful processing
We must process personal data fairly and lawfully in accordance with individuals’ rights under the first Principle. This generally means that we should not process personal data unless the individual whose details we are processing has consented to this happening.
If we cannot apply a lawful basis (explained below), our processing does not conform to the first principle and will be unlawful. Data subjects have the right to have any data unlawfully processed erased
Controlling vs. processing data
Sovereign Construction is classified as a data controller and data processor. We must maintain our appropriate registration with the Information Commissioners Office in order to continue lawfully controlling and processing data.
As a data processor, we must comply with our contractual obligations and act only on the documented instructions of the data controller. If we at any point determine the purpose and means of processing out with the instructions of the controller, we shall be considered a data controller and therefore breach our contract with the controller and have the same liability as the controller. As a data processor, we must:
If you are in any doubt about how we handle data, contact the DPO for clarification.
Lawful basis for processing data
We must establish a lawful basis for processing data. All staff must ensure that any data they are responsible for managing has a written lawful basis approved by the DPO. It is the responsibility of all staff to check the lawful basis for any data they are working with and ensure all actions comply the lawful basis. At least one of the following conditions must apply whenever we process personal data:
We hold recent, clear, explicit, and defined consent for the individual’s data to be processed for a specific purpose.
The processing is necessary to fulfil or prepare a contract for the individual.
3. Legal obligation
We have a legal obligation to process the data (excluding a contract).
4. Vital interests
Processing the data is necessary to protect a person’s life or in a medical situation.
5. Public function
Processing necessary to carry out a public function, a task of public interest or the function has a clear basis in law.
6. Legitimate interest
The processing is necessary for our legitimate interests. This condition does not apply if there is a good reason to protect the individual’s personal data which overrides the legitimate interest.
Deciding which condition to rely on
If, as an employee, you are making an assessment of the lawful basis, you must first establish that the processing is necessary. This means the processing must be a targeted, appropriate way of achieving the stated purpose. You cannot rely on a lawful basis if you can reasonable achieve the same purpose by some other means.
Remember that more than one basis may apply, and you should rely on what will best fit the purpose, not what is easiest.
Consider the following factors and document the answers:
Our commitment to the first Principle requires us to document this process and show that we have considered which lawful basis best applies to each processing purpose, and fully justify these decisions.
We must also ensure that individuals whose data is being processed by us are informed of the lawful basis for processing their data, as well as the intended purpose. This should occur via a privacy notice. This applies whether we have collected the data directly from the individual, or from another source.
If you are responsible for making an assessment of the lawful basis and implementing the privacy notice for the processing activity, you must have this approved by the DPO.
Special categories of personal data
What are special categories of personal data?
Previously known as sensitive personal data, this means data about an individual which is more sensitive, so requires more protection. This type of data could create more significant risks to a person’s fundamental rights and freedoms, for example by putting them at risk of unlawful discrimination. The special categories include information about an individual’s:
In most cases where we process special categories of personal data we will require the data subject's explicit consent to do this unless exceptional circumstances apply or we are required to do this by law (e.g. to comply with legal obligations to ensure health and safety at work). Any such consent will need to clearly identify what the relevant data is, why it is being processed and to whom it will be disclosed.
The condition for processing special categories of personal data must comply with the law. If we do not have a lawful basis for processing special categories of data that processing activity must cease.
All staff responsibilities
Responsibilities of the Data Protection Officer
Responsibilities of the IT Manager
Accuracy and relevance
We will ensure that any personal data we process is accurate, adequate, relevant and not excessive, given the purpose for which it was obtained. We will not process personal data obtained for one purpose for any unconnected purpose unless the individual concerned has agreed to this or would otherwise reasonably expect this.
Individuals may ask that we correct inaccurate personal data relating to them. If you believe that information is inaccurate you should record the fact that the accuracy of the information is disputed and inform the DPO.
All staff must keep personal data secure against loss or misuse. Where other organisations process personal data as a service on our behalf, the DPO will establish what, if any, additional specific data security arrangements need to be implemented in contracts with those third-party organisations.
Storing data securely
We must retain personal data for no longer than is necessary. What is necessary will depend on the circumstances of each case, taking into account the reasons that the personal data was obtained, but should be determined in a manner consistent with our data retention guidelines.
Transferring data internationally
There are restrictions on international transfers of personal data. You must not transfer personal data abroad, or anywhere else outside of normal rules and procedures without express permission from the DPO.
Rights of individuals
Individuals have rights to their data which we must respect and comply with to the best of our ability. We must ensure individuals can exercise their rights in the following ways:
1. Right to be informed
2. Right of access
3. Right to rectification
4. Right to erasure
5. Right to restrict processing
6. Right to data portability
7. Right to object
8. Rights in relation to automated decision making and profiling
When to supply a privacy notice
A privacy notice must be supplied at the time the data is obtained if obtained directly from the data subject. If the data is not obtained directly from the data subject, the privacy notice must be provided within a reasonable period of having obtained the data, which mean within one month.
If the data is being used to communicate with the individual, then the privacy notice must be supplied at the latest when the first communication takes place.
If disclosure to another recipient is envisaged, then the privacy notice must be supplied prior to the data being disclosed.
What to include in a privacy notice
Privacy notices must be concise, transparent, intelligible and easily accessible. They are provided free of charge and must be written in clear and plain language, particularly if aimed at children
The following information must be included in a privacy notice to all data subjects:
Subject Access Requests
What is a subject access request?
An individual has the right to receive confirmation that their data is being processed, access to their personal data and supplementary information which means the information which should be provided in a privacy notice.
How we deal with subject access requests
We must provide an individual with a copy of the information the request, free of charge. This must occur without delay, and within one month of receipt. We endeavour to provide data subjects access to their information in commonly used electronic formats, and where possible, provide direct access to the information through a remote accessed secure system.
If complying with the request is complex or numerous, the deadline can be extended by two months, but the individual must be informed within one month. You must obtain approval from the DPO before extending the deadline.
We can refuse to respond to certain requests, and can, in circumstances of the request being manifestly unfounded or excessive, charge a fee. If the request is for a large quantity of data, we can request the individual specify the information they are requesting. This can only be done with express permission from the DPO.
Once a subject access request has been made, you must not change or amend any of the data that has been requested. Doing so is a criminal offence.
Data portability requests
We must provide the
data requested in a structured, commonly used and machine-readable format. This
would normally be a CSV file, although other formats are acceptable. We must
provide this data either to the individual who has requested it, or to the data
controller they have requested it be sent to. This must be done free of charge
and without delay, and no later than one month. This
can be extended to two months for complex or numerous requests, but the
individual must be informed of the extension within one month and you must
receive express permission from the DPO first.
Right to erasure
What is the right to erasure?
Individuals have a right to have their data erased and for processing to cease in the following circumstances:
How we deal with the right to erasure
We can only refuse to comply with a right to erasure in the following circumstances:
If personal data that needs to be erased has been passed onto other parties or recipients, they must be contacted and informed of their obligation to erase the data. If the individual asks, we must inform them of those recipients.
The right to object
Individuals have the right to object to their data being used on grounds relating to their particular situation. We must cease processing unless:
We must always inform the individual of their right to object at the first point of communication, i.e. in the privacy notice. We must offer a way for individuals to object online.
The right to restrict automated profiling or decision making
We may only carry out automated profiling or decision making that has a legal or similarly significant effect on an individual in the following circumstances:
In these circumstances, we must:
Using third party controllers and processors
As a data controller and data processor, we must have written contracts in place with any third party data controllers (and/or) data processors that we use. The contract must contain specific clauses which set out our and their liabilities, obligations and responsibilities.
As a data controller, we must only appoint processors who can provide sufficient guarantees under GDPR and that the rights of data subjects will be respected and protected.
As a data processor, we must only act on the documented instructions of a controller. We acknowledge our responsibilities as a data processor under GDPR and we will protect and respect the rights of data subjects.
Our contracts must comply with the standards set out by the ICO and, where possible, follow the standard contractual clauses which are available. Our contracts with data controllers (and/or) data processors must set out the subject matter and duration of the processing, the nature and stated purpose of the processing activities, the types of personal data and categories of data subject, and the obligations and rights of the controller.
At a minimum, our contracts must include terms that specify:
Criminal offence data
Criminal record checks
Any criminal record checks are justified by law. Criminal record checks cannot be undertaken based solely on the consent of the subject. We cannot keep a comprehensive register of criminal offence data. All data relating to criminal offences is considered to be a special category of personal data and must be treated as such. You must have approval from the DPO prior to carrying out a criminal record check.
Audits, monitoring and training
Regular data audits to manage and mitigate risks will inform the data register. This contains information on what data is held, where it is stored, how it is used, who is responsible and any further regulations or retention timescales that may be relevant. You must conduct a regular data audit as defined by the DPO and normal procedures.
Everyone must observe this policy. The DPO has overall responsibility for this policy. Sovereign Construction will keep this policy under review and amend or change it as required. You must notify the DPO of any breaches of this policy. You must comply with this policy fully and at all times.
will receive adequate training on provisions of data protection law specific
for your role. You must complete all training as requested. If you move role or
responsibilities, you are responsible for requesting new data protection
training relevant to your new role or responsibilities. If you require
additional training on data protection matters, contact the DPO.
Any breach of this policy or of data protection laws must be reported as soon as practically possible. This means as soon as you have become aware of a breach. Sovereign Construction has a legal obligation to report any data breaches to the ICO within 72 hours.
Any member of staff who fails to notify of a breach, or is found to have known or suspected a breach has occurred but has not followed the correct reporting procedures will be liable to disciplinary action.
Failure to comply
If you have any questions or concerns about anything in this policy, do not hesitate to contact the DPO.